Suite 411, Netcare Unitas / Suite 206, Midstream Mediclinic
GASTROSCOPY
AN ENDOSCOPIC EXAMINATION OF THE STOMACH.

Indications:

Gastro-intestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain, dyspepsia, heartburn, difficulty swallowing, anemia and to investigate for a hiatus hernia.

Procedure:

Your throat will be sprayed with a topical anaesthetic spray. You will be sedated for the procedure, which involves the anaesthetist inserting a plastic cannula into a vein on your arm (like a drip) and administering the sedative medication intravenously (via your vein). This means you will be asleep for the entire duration of the procedure. A flexible scope with a camera is inserted through the mouth into the stomach. During the investigation  the surgeon examines your oesophagus (food-pipe) which runs from the back of your mouth, through your chest and into your stomach. The surgeon will also examine the first part of the intestine, called the duodenum (part of the small bowel). A specimen of the various areas of your gastric tissue may be biopsied and sent for laboratory testing to determine if there are any cellular irregularities of the tissue or the presence of ulcer-causing bacteria.

This is considered to be a minor procedure with only minor risks such as nausea, vomiting or allergies to the sedatives that are used. If the doctor is performing a procedure through the scope, such as dilating a narrowing in the oesophagus, removing a foreign body obstruction (i.e. a piece of meat that got stuck), removing a polyp, or injecting a bleeding ulcer, then there are other risks associated with the specific intervention or disease. These can be serious and include a perforation of the organ and possible necessitate corrective emergency surgery. This is very rare and occurs in 1 out of 1000 cases.

After your consultation:

  • Obtain authorization from your medical aid (whether the scope is done in consultation rooms/theatre).
  • Carefully read through pre-procedure information provided.

Day before gastroscopy:

  • Do not eat/drink after 22h00, the night before your surgery, unless otherwise specified by your surgeon or anaesthetist  (you should be fasting for at least 6 hours before the procedure for solids but you are allowed to take clear liquids up to two hours before your procedure).

Day of surgery:

  • Arrive for admission at indicated time on ‘Code & Consent’ sheet.
  • If your procedure will be done in theatre, change into theatre attire and remove all valuable belongings.

You will be in the procedure room for about 25-30 minutes. The scope itself will take 10-15 minutes (this is dependent on whether a procedure is done with/-out biopsies). You will need a few minutes to recover from the sedation  afterwards in the recovery area.

The surgeon will usually see you after the procedure to explain the findings to you.

Post-sedation:

  • A responsible adult should drive you home. Avoid driving, operating heavy machinery or taking any important decisions for 12 hours after the procedure.

Diet:

  • It is best to avoid alcohol consumption for 12 hours.
  • Unless otherwise directed you may resume your normal diet after the gastroscopy.

Activities:

  • Wait until the day after the procedure before resuming your normal exercise routine.

Back to work:

  • You can return to work the day after your procedure. A sick note will be provided for the day of the procedure. Please discuss with our rooms if you need a longer sick leave.

This is not expected unless you are having a specific procedure such as a dilation or stretching of a narrowing, or removal of a foreign body from the esophagus. In these cases pain medication is usually given with sedation and you may get a script for medication afterwards.

  • Please contact the rooms to schedule an appointment to follow-up scope and biopsy results, at least 7 days after your procedure.
If you experience any worrisome problems, please contact the rooms during working hours or the emergency number (012) 333 6000 after hours.

More procedures performed by Dr Basson & Jeske

ABSCESS DRAINAGE
ABSCESS DRAINAGE

A SKIN INCISION IS MADE AND THE CONTENTS OF THE ABSCESS IS DRAINED.

ADRENALECTOMY (OPEN/LAPAROSCOPIC)
ADRENALECTOMY (OPEN/LAPAROSCOPIC)

AN OPERATION TO REMOVE ONE (OR BOTH) ADRENAL GLANDS.

ANAL FISTULECTOMY
ANAL FISTULECTOMY

THE FISTULA TRACT IS IDENTIFIED AND IS OPENED ALONG ITS LENGTH, AND THE EXPOSED INSIDE OF THE TRACT IS THEN CLEANED OUT.

APPENDISECTOMY (LAPAROSCOPIC/OPEN)
APPENDISECTOMY (LAPAROSCOPIC/OPEN)

AN OPERATION TO REMOVE AN APPENDIX THAT IS INFLAMED/SWOLLEN/HAS RUPTURED/HAS FORMED AN ABSCESS.

BILE DUCT EXPLORATION
BILE DUCT EXPLORATION

THE COMMON BILE DUCT (CBD – THE MAIN TUBE CARRYING BILE FROM THE LIVER TO THE INTESTINE) IS OPENED UP. ANY GALLSTONES WITHIN THE DUCT CAUSING A BLOCKAGE CAN BE REMOVED.

BREAST LUMPECTOMY
BREAST LUMPECTOMY

AN OPERATION TO REMOVE LUMPS/TUMOURS OF THE BREAST.

COLECTOMY
COLECTOMY

AN OPERATION TO REMOVE PART OF/THE ENTIRE COLON.

COLONOSCOPY
COLONOSCOPY

AN ENDOSCOPIC EXAMINATION OF THE LARGE INTESTINE (COLON & RECTUM).

DISTAL PANCREATECTOMY
DISTAL PANCREATECTOMY

THE PANCREAS IS EXPOSED AND FREED FROM THE ADJACENT ORGANS. THE TAIL (DISTAL) HALF OF THE PANCREAS IS REMOVED. THE BLOOD VESSELS THAT GO TO THE SPLEEN PASS THROUGH THE PANCREAS. AS A RESULT THE SPLEEN ALSO SOMETIMES NEEDS TO BE REMOVED.

DRAINAGE PERI-ANAL ABSCESS
DRAINAGE PERI-ANAL ABSCESS

AN INCISION IN THE SKIN NEXT TO THE ANUS TO DRAIN PUS.

ERCP
ERCP

ENDOSCOPIC RETROGRADE CHOLANGIOPANCREATOGRAPHY, INVOLVES PASSING A FLEXIBLE ENDOSCOPE (DUODENOSCOPE) THROUGH THE MOUTH AND STOMACH TO THE FIRST PART OF THE BOWEL CALLED THE DUODENUM.

FEMORAL HERNIA REPAIR (OPEN)
FEMORAL HERNIA REPAIR (OPEN)

AN OPERATION TO REPAIR AN AREA OF WEAKNESS IN THE MUSCLES WHICH FORM THE LOWER FRONT OF THE STOMACH (IN THE GROIN REGION).

GASTRECTOMY
GASTRECTOMY

AN OPERATION THAT REMOVES EITHER PART OF THE STOMACH (PARTIAL) OR THE ENTIRE STOMACH (TOTAL).

GASTROSCOPY
GASTROSCOPY

AN ENDOSCOPIC EXAMINATION OF THE STOMACH.

HAEMORRHOIDECTOMY
HAEMORRHOIDECTOMY

AN OPERATION TO REMOVE COMPLICATED HAEMORRHOIDS (PILES).

INCISIONAL HERNIA REPAIR (LAPAROSCOPIC/OPEN)
INCISIONAL HERNIA REPAIR (LAPAROSCOPIC/OPEN)

AN OPERATION TO REPAIR AN AREA OF WEAKNESS IN AN AREA WHERE PREVIOUS MUSCLE CLOSURE HAS BEEN PERFORMED (AFTER AN ABDOMINAL OPERATION).

INGUINAL HERNIA REPAIR (OPEN/LAPAROSCOPIC)
INGUINAL HERNIA REPAIR (OPEN/LAPAROSCOPIC)

AN OPERATION TO REPAIR AN AREA OF WEAKNESS IN THE MUSCLES WHICH FORM THE LOWER FRONT OF THE STOMACH (IN THE GROIN REGION).

LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY (GALL STONES)
LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY (GALL STONES)

REMOVAL OF GALLBLADDER BY MEANS OF MINIMALLY INVASIVE “KEY-HOLE SURGERY”.

LIVER BIOPSY
LIVER BIOPSY

THE DOCTOR WILL TAKE A VERY SMALL PIECE OF YOUR LIVER (ABOUT 1/50,000TH OF YOUR LIVER) TO SEND FOR FURTHER TESTS.

LIVER RESECTION
LIVER RESECTION

THE SURGICAL REMOVAL OF PART OF THE LIVER.

MASTECTOMY
MASTECTOMY

AN OPERATION TO REMOVE THE ENTIRE BREAST

NEUROSTIMULATOR IMPLANT
NEUROSTIMULATOR IMPLANT

WITH INTERSTIM THERAPY, A SACRAL NEUROMODULATION DEVICE IS IMPLANTED DURING A MINIMALLY INVASIVE PROCEDURE.

NISSEN FUNDOPLICATION (LAPAROSCOPIC)
NISSEN FUNDOPLICATION (LAPAROSCOPIC)

AN OPERATION PERFORMED TO RELIEVE GASTRO-OESOPHAGEAL REFLUX; MOST OFTEN ASSOCIATED WITH A HIATUS HERNIA.

OESOPHAGEAL MANOMETRY
OESOPHAGEAL MANOMETRY

OESOPHAGEAL MANOMETRY IS A TEST THAT MEASURES THE FUNCTION AND MOVEMENT OF THE OESOPHAGUS AND THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VALVE BETWEEN THE OESOPHAGUS AND THE STOMACH.

PARATHYROIDECTOMY
PARATHYROIDECTOMY

AN OPERATION TO REMOVE PARATHYROID GLAND/S OR PARATHYROID TUMOURS.

PERCUTANEOUS ENDOSCOPIC GASTROSTOMY
PERCUTANEOUS ENDOSCOPIC GASTROSTOMY

A PEG IS A WAY OF INTRODUCING FOOD, FLUIDS AND MEDICINES DIRECTLY INTO THE STOMACH BY PASSING A THIN TUBE THROUGH THE SKIN AND INTO THE STOMACH.

PILONIDAL ABSCESS/SINUS EXCISION
PILONIDAL ABSCESS/SINUS EXCISION

AN ELLIPTICAL INCISION IS MADE REMOVING THE AFFECTED SKIN AND INVOLVED TISSUE OVER THE BUTTOCK CLEFT.

RECTAL PROLAPSE (ABDOMINAL REPAIR)
RECTAL PROLAPSE (ABDOMINAL REPAIR)

AN OPERATION PERFORMED TO REPAIR A RECTUM THAT PROLAPSES THROUGH THE ANUS.

RECTOCELE REPAIR
RECTOCELE REPAIR

AN OPERATION PERFORMED TO STRENGTHEN THE WALL OF THE VAGINA WHICH STOPS THE RECTUM FROM PROTRUDING INTO THE VAGINA.

SMALL BOWEL RESECTION
SMALL BOWEL RESECTION

SURGERY TO REMOVE A PART OF YOUR SMALL BOWEL.

SPLENECTOMY (LAPAROSCOPIC/OPEN)
SPLENECTOMY (LAPAROSCOPIC/OPEN)

AN OPERATION TO REMOVE THE SPLEEN.

STOMA CREATION/CLOSURE
STOMA CREATION/CLOSURE

A STOMA IS AN OPENING ANYWHERE ALONG THE LENGTH OF THE BOWEL TO THE EXTERIOR SKIN SURFACE TO CREATE AN ARTIFICIAL ANUS.

THYROIDECTOMY
THYROIDECTOMY

AN OPERATION TO REMOVE PART OF/THE ENTIRE THYROID GLAND.

TOTAL PANCREATECTOMY
TOTAL PANCREATECTOMY

REMOVING YOUR WHOLE PANCREAS, YOUR DUODENUM, A SMALL PORTION OF YOUR STOMACH, THE GALLBLADDER AND PART OF YOUR BILE DUCT, YOUR SPLEEN AND MANY OF THE SURROUNDING LYMPH NODES.

UMBILICAL HERNIA REPAIR (OPEN)
UMBILICAL HERNIA REPAIR (OPEN)

AN OPERATION TO REPAIR AN AREA OF WEAKNESS/SWELLING OF THE NAVEL (BELLY BUTTON).

WHIPPLE’S (PANCREATICODUODENECTOMY)
WHIPPLE’S (PANCREATICODUODENECTOMY)

THIS IS A MAJOR OPERATION TO REMOVE THE HEAD OF THE PANCREAS.